District Mineral Foundations are statutory bodies in India established by the State Governments by notification. They derive their legal status from section 9B of Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 as amended on 26 March 2015 as Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015. This amendment came into force from 12 January 2015.
Each District Mineral Foundation is established by the State Government by notification as a trust or non-profit body in the mining operation affected districts.
To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government.
To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socioeconomics of people in mining districts
To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
Care has been taken to include all aspects of living, to ensure substantial improvement in the quality of life. High priority areas like drinking water supply, health care, sanitation, education, skill development, women and childcare, welfare of aged and disabled people, skill development and environment conservation will get at least 60 % share of the funds. For creating a supportive and conducive living environment, balance funds will be spent on making roads, bridges, railways, waterways projects, irrigation and alternative energy sources. This way, government is facilitating mainstreaming of the people from lower strata of society, tribal’s and forest-dwellers who have no wherewithal and are affected the most from mining activities.
Ramgarh district holds a strong position on the mineral map of the country. The district is endowed with a large and rich deposit of coal and coal bed methane (CBM) and also possesses various other minerals like Limestone, Fire Clay, etc. Ramgarh is an important industrial district of East India. Several mineral based industries like Steel, Sponge Iron, Cement, Refractory and Thermal Power Plant etc. are established due to availability of Coal and other minerals. The mining-affected areas of Ramgarh are spread across urban as well as rural areas. The major mining-affected areas include the urban area of Ramgarh block, the rural areas (panchayats) of Pataratu, Mandu, Chittarpur and Gola blocks.The Ministry of Mines, through the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (2015 Amendment) authorizes all District Mineral Foundations (Trust) to collect part of the royalties coming from the mining companies (10 % royalty collected from companies involved in mining activities on or after 12th January, 2015 and 30 % royalty collected from companies involved in mining activities before 12th January, 2015). Fund collection directly depends upon mining production. Ramgarh is 3rd biggest mining district also in fund collection in Jharkhand.
This paves the way for bringing about development in these areas. The Ramgarh District Administration as per the PMKKKY guidelines, allocated an amount of 89198.73 lakh from the DMFT to uplift the mining affected populace. Out of the total funds, 75.83 % is allocated towards drinking water supply in Ramgarh, 13.27 % allocated towards infrastructure development (construction of bridges, development of markets, panchayat growth centers, Sports Complex etc). Ramgarh is the first district in Jharkhand to be declared as open defecation free. The DMFT played a key role in this area by allocating 6.69 % of funds towards sanitation.
Section 9B of Mine and Minerals Development Regulation (MMDR) Amendment Act 2015 stipulates that any district affected by mining related operations, the State Government shall, by notification, establish a trust, as a non-profit body, to be called the District Mineral Foundation.
Central Government issued directions on 16.09.2015 to the all-State Governments to incorporate PMKKKY into the rules framed by them for the District Mineral Foundation under section 20A of MMDR Amendment Act 2015.
In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 15(4) and Section 15A of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (as amended in 2015), the Government of Jharkhand issued Jharkhand DMF (Trust) Rules-2016 incorporating PMKKKY and notified on 23rd March 2016.
1. It will be implemented by the funds generated by District Mineral Foundation.
Drinking water supply
Environment preservation & pollution control measure
Welfare of women and children
Welfare of aged & disabled people
2. At least 60% the fund will be utilized for "High Priority Areas" like:
3. Rest of the fund will be utilized for "Other Priority Areas"
Energy & watershed development
Measures for enhancing environmental quality
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